On the Management of Slaughterhouses
In the past 20 years, the proportion of pork in meat consumption has decreased by 22%, the proportion of beef and mutton has increased by 9%, and the proportion of poultry has increased by 11%. Frequent food safety accidents in China
Make people more and more worried about their table. Food safety of poultry refers to the timetable of relevant practitioners. However, the current poultry slaughterhouses are still dominated by small and medium-sized slaughterhouses, while the slaughter of poultry is comparable to that of small and medium-sized slaughterhouses.
The relevant regulations are not perfect. Therefore, strengthening supervision and regulating poultry slaughter has become a top priority.
Slaughtering and processing equipment is simple, plant and workshop construction is not standardized. The mechanical support ability of broiler slaughter and processing plants is poor. The awareness and skills of maintenance personnel can not fully meet the relevant requirements of food safety.
There are many broiler slaughter and processing plants, such as workbenches, conveyor belts and other equipment, food contact surface design quality level is not enough, easy to rust, easy to breed microorganisms and other security risks. The ventilation and lighting facilities in the workshop are poor.
It's dark and humid all year round. Some slaughterhouses have problems crossing the transport routes of chicken and chicken products.
Personnel management is chaotic and highly mobile. Slaughtering and processing work is under great pressure, working hours are uncertain, workers are employed, resignation is frequent, lack of training or inadequate training. Often it causes some workers to be unlicensed or unlicensed.
Drug residue monitoring system is relatively lagging behind. Most small and medium-sized slaughterhouses use colloidal gold immunochromatographic test paper to detect drug residues and to detect chloramphenicol, furan and sulfonamide. It has not yet reached the end of July 2014.
The Ministry of Agriculture has announced ten unusable veterinary drugs. Standard. Colloidal gold test paper is less sensitive than ELISA method. The test results are influenced by many factors, such as preservation, external environment, sample addition and test paper.
Its own quality.
Slaughter processing lacks effective sewage treatment equipment. Large amounts of wastewater are produced during slaughtering and processing of poultry. Wastewater mainly comes from cage clean water, excrement water and slaughter house used to transport poultry and pre-slaughter sewage.
Washing water for door viscera and carcass, slaughter equipment and site. Wastewater contains a large amount of organic suspended matter, which is easy to destroy, destroy the ecosystem and pollute the environment. Although most slaughterhouses are dealing with it.
Sewage, however, has not yet met the environmental protection requirements of today's society.
The harmless treatment equipment is backward. Incinerators and boilers burn dead chickens, diseased products and pollutants. Although incineration can achieve the purpose of harmless treatment, but the effect is not ideal, not environmentally friendly, treatment.
Fresh meat is widely transported. Fresh meat is mainly transported by ordinary trucks and trucks and cooled by ice. It does not meet the requirements of food hygiene and there is no special refrigerated vehicle.